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Prof. SRIPATHI KANDULA           



Co-ordinator, NRCBS programme.
Co-ordinator, Genomics programme,
Co-ordinator, DBT-IPLS programme,
Professor & Head

Department of Immunology
Center for Excellence in Genomic Sciences
School of Biological Sciences
Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai 625 021



  1. Molecular biology and bioinformatics techniques for phylogenetic analyses.
  2. Detection, recording of ultrasounds using bat detector and relevant softwares.
  3. Bat Population dynamics and demographical studies.
  4. Radiotelemetry as a tool to study home range and juvenile dispersal.
  5. Training bats for experiments under controlled conditions


  1. IUCN SSC CBSG member
  2. Chair of the Chiroptera Action Plan for South Asia

Contact Details:

Phone : +91-452-2456479 (Off.)
+91-452-2458279 (Res.)
+91-94430 58279 (Hand)

E-Mail: sribat@gmail.com, sribat@rediffmail.com, sripathikandula@yahoo.com


 Research Interests:

My group has standardized a non lethal method of sampling minimal volume of blood from bats and Dna extraction. Dna thus obtained has successfully been used as template to amplify and sequence mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Protocols have also been standardized to extract amplifiable DNA from wing biopsy samples. Molecular taxonomical studies are underway to understand the intraspecific phylogeny of various isolated and morphologically distinct populations of the fruit bat Cynopterus sphinx. Microsatellites are used for this work and preliminary results are being interpreted. We have been using various bioinformatics tools for sequence analysis and to study molecular evolution.
Work is in progress to develop reference acoustic library of various microbats present in southern India. We are in a process of recording echolocation calls from various species to isolate and identify call components that contains species specific signatures and can be used for identification of various species without capturing them. Besides, work is in progress to study intraspecific phylogeny using echolocation calls. Such a phylogeny is coupled with morphological and molecular studies for comparison with morphological and genetic species concept. We have already acquired data from populations across India and are in a process of analyzing them.
My lab has been working on echolocation of bats for past few decades and has enormous experience and expertise in studying them. As part of our effort to assess demography and dynamics of local populations of bats we have been doing capture mark recapture studies regularly. Survivability, dispersal patterns, immigration, emigration of these populations has been charted out to a certain detail.
For past one decade we have been using radiotelemetry studies with considerable success to assess foraging area, home range and juvenile dispersal of the fruit bat Cynopterus sphinx. Information obtained from such studies have helped us design further proposals to study the social structure and mating system of this fruit bat. Based on information acquired from radiotelemetry and capture mark recapture studies we have initiated a study on behavioural genetics of this bat.
Training bats is an important component for studying them under controlled captive condition. We have been using captive bats for various studies for past few decades,the most recent been the study on psychoacoustic of a microbat Megaderma lyra under habituation dehabituation paradigm.


  1. K. Sripathi, S. Ajmal Khan and R. Natarajan:  Shell selection by the land hermit crab Coenobita cavipes Stimpson.  Ind. J. Mar. Sci. 6: 163-165 (1977)
  2. M.K. Chandrashekaran, R. Subbaraj and K. Sripathi: Circadian rhythms in a few tropical bats.  Ind. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. 25: 219-228 (By invitation) (1981)
  3. M.K. Chandrashekaran, R. Subbaraj and K. Sripathi: Reference phases and circadian rhythms.  J. interdiscipl. Cycle Res. 14: 43-52 (1983)
  4. G. Neuweiler, Satpal Singh and K. Sripathi: Audiograms of south Indian bat community.  J. Comp.  Physiol. 154: 133-142 (1984)
  5. R.  Ruebsamen,  G.  Neuweiler   and K.  Sripathi: Comparative collicular tonotopy in two species adapted to movement detection, Hipposideros speoris and Megaderma lyra.  J Comp Physiol. 163: 271-285 (1988)
  6. M.K. Chandrashekaran, G. Marimuthu, R. Subbaraj, P. Kumarasamy, M.S. Ramkumar and K. Sripathi: Direct correlation between the circadian sleep/wakefulness rhythm and time estimation in humans under social isolation.  J. Biosci. 16: 97-101 (1991)
  7. G. Jones, K. Sripathi, D. A. Waters and G. Marimuthu: Individual variation in the echolocation calls of three sympatric Indian hipposiderid bats and an experimental attempt to jam  bat echolocation. Folia Zoologica. 43(4): 347-362 (By  invitation) (1994)
  8. N. Gopukumar Nair, V. Elangovan, K. Sripathi, G. Marimuthu and R. Subbaraj:  Foraging Behaviour of the Indian short-nosed fruit bat Cynopterus sphinx. Int. J. mammal. Biol. (Z. Saeugetierkunde). 64: 187-191 (1999)
  9. G. Schuller  and K. Sripathi. (1999) Audio-motor control in horseshoe bats. In: Advances in Ethology  (Supplement to Ethology) (S. Sridhara, ed). 34: 62 Blackwell Science Berlin, Wien (1999)
  10. G. Marimuthu, K. Emmanuvel Rajan and K. Sripathi:  Active and passive mode of prey detection by the Indian false vampire bat Megaderma lyra. In: Advances in Ethology (Supplement to Ethology) (S. Sridhara, ed). 34: 88 Blackwell Science Berlin, Wien (1999)
  11. G. Schuller and K. Sripathi: Role of Paralemniscal Area (PLA) and Ncl. of the Brachium of the Inferior Colliculus (NBIC) on Dopplershift compensation in the Horseshoe bat. In: From Molecular Neurobiology to Clinical Neuroscience (Elsner, N. and Eysel, U., eds.) Göttingen Neurobiology Report. (Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart) (1999)
  12. G. Marimuthu, K. Emmanuvel Rajan, K. Sripathi, S. Parsons and G. Jones: Effects of different surfaces on the perception of prey-generated noise by the by Indian false vampire bat Megaderma lyra.   Acta Chiropter. 4: 25-32 (2002)
  13. Dörrie M., Schmidt S., Suba M., Sripathi K.: Contact calls of the bat, Megaderma lyra: a comparison between an Indian and Sri Lankan population (2001). Zoology. 104, Suppl. IV (Abstracts 94.1): 5 (2003)
  14. K. Sripathi, H. Raghuram, R. Rajasekar, T. Karuppudurai and Suba Gnana Abraham:  Population estimation in the Indian false vampire bat Megaderma lyra:  mark-recapture analysis using Jolly-Seber method. Acta Chiropterologica. 6: 145-154 (2004)
  15.  Alwin Prem Anand and K. Sripathi: Digestion of cellulose and Xylan by symbiotic bacteria in the intestine of Indian flying fox for Pteropus giganteus. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 139: 65-69 (2004)
  16. N. Gopukumar, T. Karuppudurai, P.T. Nathan, K. Sripathi, G. Arivarignan and J. Balasingh: Solitary Adult Males in a Polygynous Mating Bat  (Cynopterus sphinx): A Forced Option or a Strategy?  Journal of Mammalogy. 86 (2 ): 281 – 286 (2005)
  17. Raman Rajasekar, Balaji Chattopadhyay and Kandula Sripathi: Depositing masticated plant materials inside tent roosts in Cynopterus sphinx (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae) in Southern India. Acta Chiropterologica. 8 (1): 269 - 274 (2006)
  18.  H. Raghuram, Balaji Chattopadhyay, P. Thiruchenthil Nathan and K. Sripathi: Sex ratio, population structure and roost fidelity in a free-ranging colony of Indian false vampire bat Megaderma lyra. Current Science. 91 (7): 965 - 968 (2006) 
  19. K. Sripathi, H. Raghuram and P. Thiruchenthil Nathan: Echolocation sounds of painted bat Kerivola picta (Vespertilionidae) Current Science. 91 (9): 1145 - 1147 (2006)
  20. T. Karuppudurai, N. Gopukumar and K. Sripathi: Solitary or non-territorial adult males in bats: Are “Making the best of a bad job”? Bat Net Newsletter. 7 (1-2): 30 - 33 (2006)
  21. Hanumanthan Raghuraman, Nagappan Gopukumar and Sripathi Kandula: Presence of single as well as double clicks in the echolocation signals of a fruit bat Rousettus leschenaulti (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae). Folia Zool. 56(1):  (2007)
  22. T. Karuppudurai and K. Sripathi, N Gopukumar, V. Elangovan and G. Maruimuthu :  Genetic diversity within and among populations of the Indian short-nosed fruit bat Cynopterus sphinx assessed through RAPD analysis.  Current Science. 93(7): 942 - 950 (2007).
  23. S. Ilango, J Muthukrishnan, P Gunasekaran and Sripathi Kandula:  Anti-fish pathogenic activity of Callistemon lanceolatus and Heliotropium indicum. Eco – Chronicle. 2(1): 01 – 06 (2007).
  24. S. Ilango, J Muthukrishnan, P Gunasekaran and Sripathi Kandula: Plant product inhibits the larval and adult emergence of Culex quinquefasciatus and Anopheles stphensi.  Eco – Chronicle. 2(2): 59 – 68 (2007).
  25. P. Rajendran, E. Jayakumar, Sripathi Kandula and P. Gunasekaran: Vermiculture and Vermicomposting Biotechnology for Organic Farming and Rural Economic Development.  ECO Services International.  Feb. (2008).
  26. T. Karuppudurai, K. Sripathi, N. Gopukumar, V. Elangovan and G. Arivarignan: Transition of nonharem male to harem male status in the short-nosed fruit bat Cynopterus sphinx.Mammalian Biology. 73: 138-146 (2008).
  27. Rajasekar Raman and Sripathi Kandula: Zoopharmacognosy. Self-Medication in Wild Animals. Resonanace. March 227 – 235 (2008).
  28. H. Raghuram, C. Thangadurai, N. Gopukumar, K. Nathar and K. Sripathi:  The role of olfaction and vision in the foraging behaviour of an echolocating megachiropteran fruit bat, Rousettus leschenaulti (Pteropodidae). Mammalian Biology. (In Press) (2008).
  29. Raghuram H, Thangadurai C, Gopukumar N, Nathar K and Sripathi K (2009) The role of olfaction and vision in the foraging behaviour of an echolocating megachiropteran fruitbat, Rousettus leschenaulti (Pteropodidae). Mammalian Biology 74: 9- 14.
  30. Paramanantha Swami Doss D, Gopukumar N, Sripathi K (2009) Aspects of the breeding biology of the Purple Moorhen (Porphyrio porphyrio) at Tirunelveli, South India. Water Bird.The Wilson Journal of Ornithology. 121: 796-800.